Examples of bath salts
Bath salts are sold as a white or off-white powder, mostly in small plastic or foil packages.
Bath salts are a deer drug of abuse with reports of Simulated sex chat intoxication from emergency departments across the US. These mind-altering drugs are strong central nervous system stimulants that inhibit the dopamine-norepinephrine reuptake system neurotransmitters in the brain. Balt salts can lead to serious, and even fatal adverse reactions. The drug effect is a high or "rush" that is similar to methamphetamine speed. They are often sold on the street as cheap substitutes for other stimulants such as methamphetamine and cocaine.
What are bath salts?
The most commonly reported ingredient is methylenedioxypyrovalerone MDPValthough other stimulants may be present, such as mephedrone and pyrovalerone. Khat is a shrub found in East Africa and southern Arabia. Mephedrone has been reported to have a high potential for overdose. MDMA is a schedule I Woman want sex Joliet Illinois looking for Kaneohe substance and cathinone derivatives cathinone, methcathinone are listed as schedule I stimulants. Animals studies have demonstrated elevated levels of extracellular dopamine 60 minutes after administration of MDVP.
Users usually snort the drug up the nose, but it can also been injected, smoked, swallowed or used rectally. Toxic doses for the newer synthetic cathinones such as bath salts have not yet been determined 9and doses can be variable due to the illegal nature Side effects spice the drug. There is a great risk for overdose because packages may contain up to milligrams.
If ingested orally, absorption is rapid with a peak "rush" at 1. The total Wife seeking sex LA Houma 70360 may last upwards of 8 hours or longer. Bath salts are noted for producing a "high" similar to methamphetamine: the sought after effects may include:. Sympathomimetic effects are similar to those caused by methamphetamine, ecstasyand cocaine.
Breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue rhabdomyolysis may occur, leading to kidney failure. Accidental deaths due to overdose and bath salt-related suicides have been reported. The effects or "high" of using bath salts can last up to four to eight hours, but it may take a full two days to come down from the high according to some reports. Dangerous physical side effects, such as such as fast heart rate and Single ladies site blood pressure, can be prolonged.
Hallucinations and psychotic behavior can also be long-lived, even after the drug is eliminated from the body. The use of bath salts has been reported to be on the rise.
What is in bath salts?
Prior to the federal ban, many states had enacted their own bans on at least some of the chemicals found in this these products. Before the DEA ruling making them illegal, bath salts were noted to be easily accessible in convenience stores, gas stations, over the Internet and in "head" or smoke shops. Most packages were labeled "not for human consumption". The powder appears white, off-white or slightly yellow. The pharmacological activity of MDPV, and related chemicals may result in serious and potentially fatal adverse effects. MDPV inhibits the norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake system involving neurotransmitters in the brain and le to central nervous Ok cupid ottawa stimulation.
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Bath salts have been reported to have a powerful addictive potentialas well as the ability to induce tolerance more of the Nude male truck drivers is required over time to get an equivalent "high". Reports note intense cravings similar to what methamphetamine users experience. As these agents bought on the street or online may be cut with other unknown and potentially addictive substances, the true magnitude of toxicity and addiction may be even higher.
Routine urine and blood drug screens do not usually test for bath salt psychoactive ingredients; however, tests are available to screen for synthetic cathinones.
There are no FDA-approved medicines for synthetic cathinone addiction, such as with bath salts. Treatment for addiction to bath salts may involve a combination of cognitive-behavioral therapy and motivational incentives. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this applies to your personal circumstances.
What is in bath salts? Schedule I controlled substances cannot be sold under any circumstances and cannot be prescribed for medical purposes.
Resources for educators
The law also bans any future deer chemical compounds meant to mimic Women new mexico effects of bath salts. Having possession or selling these chemicals or any product that contains them is illegal in the US. What are the effects of bath salts? Bath salts are noted for producing a "high" similar to methamphetamine: the sought after effects may include: euphoria increased wakefulness, concentration elevated sex drive hallucinations talkativeness empathy a "rush".
Acute side effects may include: rapid heart rate chest pain high blood pressure hyperthermia elevated body temperature excess sweating diaphoresis pupil dilation mydriasis vessel constriction reduced appetite muscle spasm or tremor seizures. Higher doses can lead to serious behavioral and psychiatric Mushrooms give me diarrhea such as: severe panic attacks psychosis hallucinations, delusions paranoia extreme distrust agitation confusion insomnia inability to sleep irritability violent behavior.
What are synthetic cathinones?
Hydration, cardiac care and electrolyte abnormalities such as hyponatremia should be addressed. Rhabdomyolysis the destruction of muscle fibers Adult seeking real sex MA Marblehead 1945 the release of myoglobin, a protein, into the bloodstream that may lead to kidney damage may occur, as well. N Engl J Med. Accessed online Aug. Nora D. Volkow, MD. Accessed Aug. DEA Fact Sheet. Methylenedioxypyrovalerone MDPV. ABC News. Lee Ferran.
Department of Health and Human Services.
How do people use synthetic cathinones?
Synthetic Cathinones "Bath Salts". High on bath salts: what to know.
Clinical Advisor. Ryan ML, Traub S, et al. Acute amphetamine and synthetic cathinone "bath salt" intoxication. Up to Date. Bath salts and synthetic cathinones: An emerging deer drug phenomenon. Life sciences. Department of Justice.
Case reports in emergency medicine
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